3rd Goal: Gender Equality and Empowering Women, Inc.

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"Education, Equality, and Empowerment For All"

2014 - 2016 Member of the Prince William Chamber of Commerce

DID YOU KNOW? Why it is imperative that the world’s 3.4 billion girls and women have the same chances to gain an education as boys and men? Basic education is a human right that allows people to live fuller, healthier, more satisfying lives. For societies and economies as a whole, education is also a strategic investment to improve their prospects for development. For all countries, educating all their people, not just half of them, makes the most sense for future progress. Systematic disadvantage in access to schools for girls translates into a less educated workforce, inefficient allocation of labor, lost productivity and consequently diminished progress of economic development. The benefits from women’s education go both beyond higher productivity for them and beyond economic growth. Women with more education tend to be healthier, have fewer children, and secure better health care and education for their children.

These benefits transmit to their communities at large and cascade across generations. While gender accounts for observed disparities in education, poverty persists as the most important and pervasive factor for education inequality. According to calculations based on individual data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in 24 low-income countries, on average, only 34 percent of girls in the poorest-quintile households in these countries complete primary school, compared with 72 percent of girls in the richest-quintile households, a difference of 38 percentage points due to income poverty alone. In comparison, controlling for income, the gap between the poorest girls and the poorest boys is about 10 percentage points, and that between the richest girls and the richest boys is 12 percentage points, showing narrower gender inequality among the poor than among the rich. (Source - World Bank: King, E. and Nyugen, V., 2013, "Intersecting Sources of Education Inequality".)

Photographic Image Used by Permission © FDunne 2013
When you dream .... "Dream no small dreams', for [small dream's] have no power to move the hearts of men." ~ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (German playwright)

"You give but little when you give of your possessions. It is when you give of yourself that you truly give." ~ Khalil Gibran, 1923, "The Prophet", (Arab poet, writer, artist, and philosopher)

All Children and Adults are GIFTED with special talents that can be uncovered.

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Board President
Solidarity for Rural Development Organization: Uganda
by Board President - Saturday, November 21, 2015, 04:38 PM
http://www.sorudeo.org.ug > My long time friend Father David Okullu ( the tall gentleman in white shirt ) has finally gotten his Ugandan Website up and running. It is a miracle that he has struggled to produce … Congratulations Father David!!
Board President
CCIE Mother and Daughter - Women in Networking
by Board President - Monday, August 17, 2015, 11:07 PM
” — Women in Networking are talking about this dynamic mother and daughter CCIE team.
Board President
Cisco Empowered Women's Network, Cisco Live
by Board President - Thursday, June 18, 2015, 06:01 AM
— Cisco Empowered Women's Network, Cisco Live 2014

Save The Date:
July 10 - 14, 2016
Las Vegas, Nevada

Board President
3rd Goal Newsletter for 2014
by Board President - Saturday, March 14, 2015, 09:53 AM
Please do excuse the delay in posting this Newsletter for 2014. Thank you for your time and patience as we increase the number of volunteers and board members that we have.

Board President
3rd Goal Newsletter for March 2015
by Board President - Saturday, March 14, 2015, 09:39 AM
Thank you for your continued participation as we increase our publications for this Quarter in our Newsletter. Have a great day!

Board President
Ted Talks: Susan Colantuono: The Career Advice You Probably Didn't Get ...
by Board President - Monday, March 9, 2015, 08:50 PM
You’re doing everything right at work, taking all the right advice, but you’re just not moving up. Why? Susan Colantuono shares a simple, surprising piece of advice you might not have heard before quite so plainly. This talk, while aimed at an audience of women, has universal takeaways — for men and women, new grads and midcareer workers. TedxBeaconStreet 
Board President
Hedy Lamar - Empowering Girls and Women in STEM by We Can Code IT
by Board President - Tuesday, December 2, 2014, 08:16 AM

Inventor & Actress Paved Way for Women in Tech

Hedy Lamarr is best known as a glamorous and talented actress who captivated audiences during the Golden Age of film. But many don’t know that she was also a tech pioneer who helped pave the way for girls and women in computer science.

In 1942, Lamarr and her pianist, George Antheil, wanted to come up with a way to secure torpedo radio signals used in wartime. One problem with military technology during World War II was that radio signals were not secure. They were sent along one frequency band, which could easily be hijacked and controlled by enemies.

While analyzing a player piano, Lamarr and Antheil used the 88 keys and the paper player roll for inspiration. They discovered that perforating a paper piano roll could switch the radio signals sent from a control center to a torpedo into a random pattern. Doing so in short, fast bursts among 88 different frequencies would make it difficult for enemies to intercept the signal and take control of torpedos. The method is called spread spectrum frequency hopping, and they dubbed it a Secret Communications System.

Lamarr and Antheil received a patent for spread spectrum frequency hopping, and they donated the technology to the U.S. military which didn’t implement it due to apprehension about using paper player piano rolls in torpedos. The patent was rediscovered in the 1950s when private tech companies began developing wireless technologies.

Spread spectrum frequency hopping makes it possible for all of us to use broadband technology. Without it, only large corporations could afford to buy and use limited radio space. We’re able to have multiple users share radio frequencies at the same time without interference because of spread spectrum frequency hopping. It enables a lot of the technology all of use on a daily basis to exist, including cell phone networks, WiFi, and Bluetooth technology. The military also now uses it in various capacities for encrypted communications.

Lamarr was recognized for her tech contributions with an Electronic Frontier Foundation award in 1997, and she died in 2000. In the 1940s few women were involved in tech advancements, but today Lamarr is not only known as a glamorous actress. She’s a well respected role model for girls and women who are interested in tech and who want to contribute inventive ideas.

Board President
Pendulum Wave Demonstration
by Board President - Tuesday, September 9, 2014, 10:07 PM

September 2, 2014 

Got to see this demonstration of physics by bowling balls this weekend. It's beautiful and cool. Watch all the way to the end to see the balls move back in phase with each other, as they are at the start. In between, it moves from beautifully ordered to apparent chaos and back, again and again.

A viewer noted that if you scroll through the video, the green ball hardly moves. I assume that the sampling rate of the video for the scroll on Facebook is almost (but not quite) the same as a multiple of the period of that ball's oscillation -- a happy accident. It's quite cool and worth trying to see. This worked for me on mobile, but not on the computer. 

Because this video has been very popular, here are answers to some common questions:

** What am I seeing? How does this work? ** 
The length of time it takes a ball to swing back and forth one time to return to its starting position is dependent on the length of the pendulum, not the mass of the ball. A longer pendulum will take longer to complete one cycle than a shorter pendulum. The lengths of the pendula in this demonstration are all different and were calculated so that in about 2:40, the balls all return to the same position at the same time – in that 2:40, the longest pendulum (in front) will oscillate (or go back and forth) 50 times, the next will oscillate 51 times, and on to the last of the 16 pendula which will oscillate 65 times. Try counting how many times the ball in front swings back and forth in the time it takes the balls to line up again, and then count how many times the ball in back swings back and forth in the same time (though it's much harder to keep your eye on the ball in back!).

** Why are they not perfect at the end? ** 
This large frame is built from wood and is outdoors, which means it expands, contracts, and flexes. Because the position of the frame changes, the cycle lengths are not perfectly aligned. Over time, the minor differences become more pronounced.

** Where is this? ** 
This was built on private property in the mountains of North Carolina (United States), near Burnsville. It is not open to the public.
However, I can recommend two places near this that work to make the magic of the natural world and art a part of everyday life. The joy and wonder in the world that these places foster is *exactly* what drives the creation of amazing things like this pendulum wave!
--> For all the kids in your life, check out Camp Celo:http://campcelo.com/
This is a farm-home camp for kids 7-12 (and older kids can work there!). I can’t say enough great stuff about this camp. It’s a wonderful place for kids to experience independence and joy and simple pleasures. No cell phones or tv, just home-grown entertainment like this. If you don’t have kids to send there, please make a donation to nonprofit Friends of Camp Celo (http://friendsofcampcelo.org/) to help send a child to camp who otherwise wouldn’t be able to go. I am on the Board of this all-volunteer nonprofit and can attest to the great work they do! (In fact, this video was taken at one of their events.)
--> For adults, check out Penland School of Crafts:http://penland.org/
This is a craft school where you spend 1-2 weeks or longer working intensively in one studio. Get hundreds of artists together and magic always happens! Penland has a giant walk-in pinhole camera and other cool demonstrations of the magic of science and the everyday world. You don’t need to be an artist to attend!

** Can I get a copy of this video to use in my classroom? ** 
You are encouraged to use this video for educational purposes! If you are sharing online, please provide a link back to this video or the YouTube video. This video is licensed CC BY-SA: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

** How can I make my own? Where can I learn more? ** 
Here are some links to information about the physics behind this demonstration. There are some small scale versions of this demonstration that can be purchased commercially as well, but if you want a 20’ version like this, you’ll have to make your own! I didn't make this and I don’t have plans for it, but work through the physics at these links and design your own – you’ll learn a lot about physics, math, and construction!
-- http://www.arborsci.com/cool/pendulum-wave-seems-like-magic-but-its-physics
-- http://io9.com/5825639/a-simple-physics-demonstration-that-shows-why-science-still-sometimes-seems-like-magic
-- http://sciencedemonstrations.fas.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k16940&pageid=icb.page80863&pageContentId=icb.pagecontent341734&state=maximize&view=view.do&viewParam_name=indepth.html#a_icb_pagecontent341734
-- http://scitation.aip.org/content/aapt/journal/ajp/69/7/10.1119/1.1349543?ver=pdfcov

***If you've read this far, will you do me a favor?***
Go to this link and vote for JJ to be the 2014 American Hero Dog: http://www.herodogawards.org/vote/?nominee=28252656
JJ is a very special little dog who protects a very special little girl named KK's life by doing something just as magical as what you see in this video: JJ uses her nose to detect when KK is having a potentially life-threatening reaction, before any medical equipment can detect it. It's hard to believe, but it's absolutely real. I've seen it myself many, many times -- but what's more important is that her doctors have seen it, and they were so convinced that JJ was better than their monitors that they invited her into surgery at Duke Medical Center last December! You can learn more about JJ at http://eenp.org/main/KKandJJ. But please vote! The contest ends on September 15th and you can vote every day until then. If you like KK’s and JJ's page, you can get a picture and reminder every day:http://fb.me/AngelPawsforKK.
Thank you!
 — at on private property near Burnsville, NC.
Board President
How to Get Girls Into Engineering
by Board President - Friday, August 29, 2014, 12:48 AM

How to Get Girls Into Engineering? Let Them Build Toys

Two Women Launch a Startup Aimed at Giving Girls New Options (and Maybe New Futures)

When Alice Brooks and Bettina Chen met in 2010, both were in engineering master's programs at Stanford University—mechanical and electrical, respectively. But there weren't many other women around.

Chatting about why there were so few female engineers, the pair realized that they had both grown up with toys that encouraged them to build and make things, rather than traditional toys for girls. Ms. Brooks, now 26, received a saw for Christmas at the age of 8; Ms. Chen, now 25, had similar experiences with do-it-yourself playthings. "I made dolls out of wood, nails, and paint, learning to make mistakes and to find a way around them," Ms. Brooks recalls.

On the fifth day of the partners' crowd-funding campaign, their company, Maykah Inc., hit its goal; the project eventually ended up pulling in triple the amount of money that they had requested. They also raised a round of funding from angel investors last year. This fall, the company plans to launch five new Roominate products in a range of big retailers, including Toys R Us.The friends agreed it would be great if there were toys aimed at nudging girls toward tinkering and eventually into engineering. In May 2012 they launched a campaign on Kickstarter to fund the development of their toys, which they dubbed Roominate. The idea: Girls get a set of pastel-colored pieces that they can assemble into a building or any other type of structure. Once the building is built, they can decorate it with the included paper and other embellishments and use the motor to add electrical appliances, fans or anything else that uses power.

The kits are already sparking creativity. One girl emailed the company a photo of her version of the Golden Gate Bridge; another made a dog hotel with a pool and balcony, using the motor included with the kit to fashion a cotton-candy machine.

"We want them to see the kit, get excited about making something, and come up with something even cooler than we've shown them," Ms. Brooks says.

—Chana R. Schoenberger

Board President
Math's Highest Honor is Given to a Woman for the First Time
by Board President - Wednesday, August 13, 2014, 12:33 PM
August 13, 201411:16 AM ET

Four mathematicians were today awarded the Fields Medal, including Iranian Maryam Mirzakhani, the first female mathematician to be given the honor that's often called math's equivalent of the Nobel Prize.

Mirzakhani, 37, is a professor at Stanford University and was honored in Seoul, South Korea, for her "striking and highly original contributions to geometry and dynamical systems."

Here's more from Stanford:

"The award recognizes Mirzakhani's sophisticated and highly original contributions to the fields of geometry and dynamical systems, particularly in understanding the symmetry of curved surfaces, such as spheres, the surfaces of doughnuts and of hyperbolic objects. Although her work is considered 'pure mathematics' and is mostly theoretical, it has implications for physics and quantum field theory."

Mirzakhani was born in Tehran in 1977 and lived there until she began her doctoral work at Harvard. She earned a bachelor's degree from Tehran's Sharif University of Technology in 1999.

"This is a great honor. I will be happy if it encourages young female scientists and mathematicians," Mirzakhani said in a statement on Stanford's website. "I am sure there will be many more women winning this kind of award in coming years."

In the statement, she said that as a young girl she dreamed of becoming a writer. But by high school, math problems and proofs had caught her attention.

"It is fun — it's like solving a puzzle or connecting the dots in a detective case," she said. "I felt that this was something I could do, and I wanted to pursue this path."

The Fields Medal, officially the International Medal for Outstanding Discoveries in Mathematics, was established in 1936, and is awarded every four years by the International Mathematical Union.

The other three recipients of the award this year are Brazilian Artur Avila of the National Center for Scientific Research in Paris and Brazil's National Institute for Pure and Applied Mathematics; Canadian-born Manjul Bhargava of Princeton University; and Austrian Martin Hairer of the University of Warwick in Britain.

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